- Acronym for Network Access Point, the major internet providers usually
have peering points at one or more NAPs.
- Acronym for Network Access Server, this is a
terminal server designed specifically
to provide remote connectivity via
PPP and similar protocols.
- Acronym for Network Address Translation, a system included with many
routers and some operation systems where many hosts "behind" the router,
or firewall host are translated to a single
Fundamentally, NAT is great for any use where the inside client opens a
connection out to a remote site (web browsing), or where the two ends
rendevous on a selected, random port (IRC's CTCP, FTP), but problematic
where a specific port is used and more than one of the translated machines
need to accept new connections in from outside, such as in web
serving, online games, and other servers.
The "n" word, this term is deragatory when used by outsiders,
but acceptable when used to describe a fellow nerd. While
geeks must be born, nerds are made, the most
famous case being Bill Gates.
- The informal set of rules for using the
Internet, ignoring them may result in being
flamed or mail-bombed.
Guidelines for usenet news can be found in
- A commercial
MS-Windows and Macintosh, available from
- Somebody new to the
Internet, or to computers in general. If you
needed to look this up, you are most likely a newbie.
- A message area in the
Usenet News, each newsgroup can be either
'moderated' with only postings approved by a moderator publically posted, or
'unmoderated' where all messages are distributed to the newsgroup immediately.
- The Unix workstation manufactuered for several years by NeXT, designed
to run the
MACH operating system, NeXTSTEP.
- An acronym for Network FileSystem, this is one method of sharing files
LAN or through the internet.
- An acronym for Network Interface Card or for Network Information Center,
such as the Internic. Not to be confused with
- Network Information Service,
a data-distribution method popular on Sun
workstations. Originally created as Yellow Pages
(YP) until forced to change due to trademark infringement on
- Network Layer Reachability Information. Used primarily in Cisco
- Acronym for Network News Transfor Protocol, a system for
reading and writing
articles across a network, this service is defined by
- Network Operations Center, a site used by a business or other operation
for controlling and monitoring a
LAN and/or WAN.
- An acronym for National Science Foundation, the NSFNet became officially
disconnected from the primary Internet on April 30, 1995.
- An acronym for Network Service Provider, these are the companies that
provide connectivity to the internet for
and others requiring high speed connections between their
LANs and the Internet.
- A "nybble" is four bits (one-half of a byte).
Nybble chips were occasionally used to conserve costs where only values from
0-15 will be stored.