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A B C D
E F G H
I J K L
M N O P
Q R S T
U V W X
- Acronym for the Andrew File System.
- American National Standards Institute
A private, nonprofit organization operating in the public interest to
coordinate U.S. standards. Also, a common terminal control protocol.
- A system for searching
FTP site listings, it is available as a
See also Veronica.
- A single large file from which many smaller files can be extracted,
archive files are often compressed. Generally they are used to
make it easier to transfer large programs and sets of files. Common archive
- A popular archive program available for MS-DOS and other computers.
TAR,ZIP, and ZOO.
- Acronym for Address Resolution Protocol, a protocol for translating
between IP addresses and
MAC-layer addresses in an ethernet.
Defined in RFC 826.
- Acronym for Advanced Research Project Administration NETwork. A US
Department of Defense project designed as a redudant
WAN capable of surviving a nuclear war. Precursor of the
- Acronym for American Standard Code for Information Interchange, which
specifies the standard 7-bit character set.
- An acronym for Bulletin Board System, a type of computer service where
people can read and post public messages, similar to
Usenet News but on a much smaller scale.
- A system of base-2 arithmatic, binaries numbers have only two possible
values, 0 (off, or false) or 1 (on or true).
- Acronym for BINary HEXadecimal. A standard for converting 8-bit
files into a 7-bit ASCII format for transmission
over non-8-bit-clean mediums such as e-mail.
BinHex is commonly used on Macintosh systems.
See also: uuencode, bit.
- Acronym for BInary digiT.
The smallest unit of space in computing, a bit contains a single
See also: byte.
- Acronym for bits-per-second, a measurement of Bandwidth.
See also: T1,T3.
- A set of 8 bits that represent a single character.
See also: nybble.
- A cache is a system for storing frequently accessed information for faster response. Cache memory on your motherboard is extra-fast RAM that keeps
a copy of the most recently requested bits from regular RAM. A
'caching proxy web server' keeps the most recently
requested web documents stored locally, reducing response time from
(often very slow) remote web sites.
- Acronym for the CCITT standards organization.
- A component of network
lag, chew is the percentage of packets that are 'eaten'
by the network connection. Ideally no packets should be lost, but the Internet
is often anything but ideal.
Commercial Internet Exchange is a
trade association of internet connectivity providers.
- A client connects to a server, with which it
See also: X-window.
- To make a file smaller by applying a compression algorithm,
usually for the purpose of
conserving space or speeding up file transfers. This can also refer to the
to compress a file which appends '.Z' to the filename, or to the free
- An acronym for Client-To-Client-Protocol, a feature of some
- Deprecated. A prefix used by newbies and
lamers to describe internet
related topics, such as "cyberspace".
- The Unix equivalent of a 'folder' on a Macintosh, all files are stored
in directories. A directory can be created with the
mkdir command and empty directories are removed with
- Acronym for Domain Name Service.
- An internet 'domain' is a subsection of the internet. The primary domains of
the internet are .COM, .NET, .MIL, and .ORG, which refer to Commercial,
Network, Military, and Organization. These domains are administered by the
Internic. Each domain has a primary and secondary
Domain Name Server associated with it.
- Domain Name Server
- Each internet
domain has two domain name servers, or DNS. The primary
DNS for a domain is usually located on one of the machine in that network, you
can often determine the server from the output of the
- An alternative keyboard layout designed for speed.
- One of several programs in Unix used to create and modify text files,
some common editors include
- An Acronym for Frequently Asked Questions, these are lists of questions
that occur frequently on
newsgroups, they are posted at regular intervals
archived at several
sites. You should always read the FAQ (if there is one) for a group before
posting a message, or risk being
that provides information about users logged in, and can also be used to
retrieve the .plan and .project files from a users
- A firewall is used on some networks to provide added security by blocking
access to certain services in the private network from the rest of the
internet, in the same way that a firewall in a building keeps fire from
spreading, an internet firewall keeps hackers from spreading.
- An offensive or insulting e-mail or
message, often the result of an error in
- A character set or typeface family denoting a particular size and style.
- Acronym for Fully Qualified Domain Name, an address which specifies a
specific machine and it's internet domain. "foley" is not a FQDN, however
- An Acronym for File Transfer Protocol, a
method of retrieving files to your
home directory or directly to your computer using
SLIP/PPP. There are thousands of
Internet offering files and programs of all kinds.
- A file transfer system similar to
FTP, distinguished by the ability for servers to run on
any port without requiring special privledges, and the lower system load from
FSP servers than from FTP.
- is an acronym for Graphic Interchange Format, developed by compuserve this
is a very popular format for exchanging pictures, it is slowly being replaced
JPG image format.
goal is to provide freely redistributable Unix software.
- An information system available as a
that provides access to many
- Acronym for Graphical User Interface, such as the
Mosaic(tm) or the Macintosh and MS-Windows systems.
- A free
compression program commonly available as a
for file compression, gzip, which is also available for MS-DOS, compresses
files and appends either '.z' or '.gz' to the filename.
- Any machine can be a host. The machine you log into is your 'login host',
the machine you read news from is a 'news host', etc.
- Acronym for
HyperText Markup Language,
the underlying formatting for
World-Wide-Web documents. A
explaining the format is available for beginners.
- Acronym for
HyperText Transport Protocol
the system for requesting
HTML documents from the
- Information Superhighway
- Deprecated. A term often used by
newbies and Al Gore to describe the Internet.
See also: cyber.
- A directory or
WWW page that is 'owned' by a user is often referred to
as their 'home directory' or 'home page'.
- A popular program for the Macintosh used to convert binary files into
the 7-bit BinHex format so they
can be sent as text.
See also: uuencode.
- Internet Control Message Protocol, the standard error and control
message protocol for Internet systems. Defined in RFC 792.
- The Internet Engineering Task Force, The IETF is the
protocol engineering and development arm of the Internet, the IETF
provides specific information in excruciating detail.
- Shorthand for In My Humble Opinion.
See also: ROTFL,TMK.
- A loose confederation of networks around the world, the networks that make
up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks.
The Internet grew out of the U.S. Government
ARPAnet project, and is
specifically designed to have no central governing authority or
Internic provides the primary directory
and registration services for the American part of the Internet.
- Acronym for
Internet Relay Chat
which is a world-wide distributed live chat system.
- Acronym for Integrated Services Digital Network, a high-speed digital
phone system that supersedes POTS.
See also: PRI and the
- Acronym for Internet Service Provider, these are the companies that provide
access to end users of the Internet, as opposed to
NSPs. There are several lists of regional ISPs, including
- The language used within a particular field. Computer Jargon is compiled in
the definitive Jargon File
- An acronym for a variable-compression image format, JPeG supports true
color images and lossy compression.
- A terminal program and file transfer protocol,
kermit can be used to download files from a remote system to your
Kermit is distinguished by it's ability to transfer files over
telnet and other connections that would corrupt a binary transfer. It is
often available as a
- A Kilobyte consists of 1,024 bytes.
See also: megabyte.
- Acronym for Local Area Network, a lan usually is contained within one or
more buildings, as opposed to a
- The delay in information coming across the network through
telnet or other types of connections, usually caused
by a slow or error-prone connection somewhere between the two communicating
machines. Technically there are two causes of lag, the second being
- A user who behaves in a stupid or uneducated manner, a description often
applied to newbies.
- A leased-line is a dedicated (thus "leased") connection linking two
or more points without going through any switching equipment.
See also: T1, T3,
ISDN and the ISDN Glossary
- Following a
newsgroup or sitting on an
IRC channel and reading the messages without saying
anything, as if you were 'lurking in the shadows' staying out of sight.
- A text-based
World-Wide-Web browser, available as a
- Unix command
used to list files and directories.
- Originally "Maryland Area Exchange Point", this has become a generic term
for any location where numerous providers "peer" (exchange traffic).
- MAC Address
- The low-level address assigned to a device on an ethernet, MAC addresses
are translated to IP addresses via
for viewing the online manual pages, at
Ripco online manuals are also accessible from the online
- Shorthand for MODulator/DEModulator, a modem allows the transmission of
digital information over an analog phone line. A
is available that defines all the basic terms.
- Electronic Mail is a means of
exchanging private text messages through the Internet and other networks.
Common Unix mail readers include
is also possible to read mail across a
SLIP connection with a client program connected to a
- A megabyte can refer to either 1,024
kilobytes">kilobytes or exactly one million
- An acronym for
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions,
is a protocol for sending sound, graphics, and other binary data as
to create a new
- Moose Poets(tm)
- A group of
lamers from the groups
alt.moose.rights this group, lead by
William Cassidy they are
known for their
spamming activities on
rec.pets and other groups.
- A graphical
browser available for MS-Windows(tm) and Macintosh(tm),
created by the
- Acronym for Multi-User Dungeon, a type of text based
adventure game accessed with
telnet or a specialized client program, such as
There are many types of MUD including Diku,
On example is
- Acronym for Mail eXchange. MX is a DNS record used to
define the host(s) willing to accept mail for a given machine.
- Acronym for Network Access Point, the major internet providers usually
have peering points at one or more NAPs.
- The informal set of rules for using the
Internet, ignoring them may result in being
flamed or mail-bombed. Guidelines for usenet news can
be found in
- Somebody new to the
Internet, or to computers in general.
- A message area in the
Usenet News, each newsgroup can be either 'moderated'
with only postings approved by a moderator publically posted, or 'unmoderated'
where all messages are distributed to the newsgroup immediately.
- A commercial
World-Wide-Web browser for
MS-Windows and Macintosh, available from
- An acronym for Network FileSystem, this is one method of sharing files
LAN or through the internet.
See also: AFS.
- An acronym for Network Interface Card or for Network Information Center,
such as the Internic.
- Acronym for Network News Transfor Protocol, a system for
reading and writing
Usenet News articles across a network, this service
is defined by
- An acronym for National Science Foundation, the NSFNet became officially
disconnected from the primary Internet on April 30, 1995.
- An acronym for Network Service Provider, these are the companies that
provide connectivity to the internet for
ISPs and others requiring high speed connections between
LANs and the Internet.
- A "nybble" is four bits (one-half of a byte). Nybble
chips are occasionally used to conserve costs where only values from
0-15 will be stored.
- abbreviation for "obligatory. An oft-neglected facet of netiquette in which the author of a usenet post includes a bit of on-topic material to justify an otherwise off-topic posting. See
- Acronym for PHonebook, a PH client program can be used to access a
networked telephone book, such as QI
(CCSO Nameserver) database.
QI databases are generally
used to store phone books, timetables, and other forms of public information.
- A proxy is somebody you delegate to do something for you, in the
Internet, a 'proxy web server' is often used for hosts behind
The firewalled host sends a http request to the
proxy server, which forwards it to the real web server outside, collects
the response, and passes it back to the internal host.
which sends UDP packets to a host, and listens for responses.
Used to check if a machine on the
Internet is alive and reachable, and measure the
Round Trip Time (RTT) between the local and remote host. See also
- A program used to remotely read e-mail across a network, often used in
SLIP. The most commonly used version, Pop3, is
See also: IMAP, QWK
- An acronym for Point-to-Point-Protocol,
an advanced serial packet protocol similar to
- An acronym for Query Interface, The QI (generally based on the
is a database system that can be accessed by
ph client programs to retrieve and edit entries in the
server. This is generally used for phonebook services, but can be used in any
Further information is available.
- The standard english-language keyboard layout. Term comes from the first
six letters below the row of numbers.
See also: DVORAK
- A format for offline
news reader packets, originally made popular on MS-DOS
but available as a
- Acronym for Request For Comment, these a broad range of notes
covering a variety of topics related to the Internet. RFCs are handled by the
IETF and are
at several sites.
- A popular Chicago area bulletin board system and Internet access provider
with a long and colorful history, Ripco's spinoff,
RCI provides internet access services,
including this dictionary (had to get a plug in somewhere :).
to delete a file from a
to delete a
- A simple form of encryption in which the letters A-M are transposed with
the letters L-Z, often used in
Usenet postings of offensive jokes to prevent people
from accidentally reading a disturbing message.
- Shorthand for Rolling On the Floor Laughing.
See also:IMHO, TMK.
- A router is a special type of internet
that gateways (transfers) packets between two or more networks.
- A server provides information or other services to it's
network protocols are client-server based.
- One of several command line interfaces
available on Unix machines, some common shells include
- Acronym for Serial Line Internet Protocol,
SLIP is a serial packet protocol used to connect a remote computer to the
Internet using modems or direct serial lines,
SLIP requires an Internet provider with special SLIP accounts or a
shell account a SLIP emulator such as
- An acronym for Simple Mail Transport Protocol, which defines a common
mechanism for exchanging
mail across a network. This protocol is described in
821. Usually SMTP is
incorporated in a MTA
- Snail Mail
- The U.S. Postal service or other form of ground mail. As opposed to
- A popular canned meat product. Also, sending unwanted messages to a public
forum, possibly a reference to the famous Spam sketch
Spam Sketch by
- The term used by
newbies to descripbe exploring the Internet, usually
World-Wide-Web browser, a metaphor from real
- A leased-line specification providing for
24 frames with an aggregate bandwidth of up to 1.54Mbps.
- A leased-line specification providing for
an aggregate bandwidth of 45Mbps.
- A program used to create a single file
from several files, often used to distribute programs for Unix. The
has many options.
- Acronym for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, a
Networking standard commonly used on the
- A communications protocol for connecting to other
computers locally or across the
Internet, telnet is available as a
- An acronym for The Internet Adapter, a
program that allows pseudo-
SLIP connections from a normal shell account,
TIA is distributed by
SLiRP is a free program
that performs a similar function.
See also: TCP/IP, Internet.
- Shorthand for To My Knowledge
See also: ROTFL,IMHO.
- Similar to
ping, traceroute shows the route to a selected
(note that the route to a host may differ from the route
from a host) with the time required for a packet to get
to each intermediate host or router.
- Acronym for User Datagram Protocal, a simple connectionless
- An acronym for Uniform Resource Locator, URL's are a standardized format
for giving a pointer to information available from
finger and other servers
explaining the use of URL's is available.
- Usenet News
- A network of systems that exchange articles using the Internet,
UUCP, and other methods to establish public message
conferences on some or all of over 6,000 topics or
"newsgroups. There are many common newsgroups include
some that can run on your home computer via
SLIP and the Unix newsreaders,
- An acronym for Unix to Unix CoPy, UUCP is a protocol used for the
store-and-forward exchange of
Usenet News and other files, usually over a modem.
- A popular method of exchanging binary files in
Mail and via
Usenet News the uuencode program converts a binary
file into a (larger) file of alphanumeric characters that will not be
corrupted when sent as a text file. UUEncode is available as a
as well as MS-DOS and Macintosh versions. To convert the file back to the
original binary form you can use the uudecode program or the popular Unix
- A program to track down
- Acronym for Wide Area Network, which is generally a network connecting
several physically distant locations, as opposed to a
Internet is an example of a worldwide WAN.
- A type of dictionary server available at many educational sites, public
servers were common until copyright concerns caused most of them to be
closed to outside access.
- A distributed hypertext
information system that uses
HTTP to retrieve text and graphics, often
erroneously referred to by the name of one type of browser,
- A packet-switched data network.
- A CCITT standard for mail formats.
- A mail-directory system.
- A network-based
GUI designed for Unix systems,
there are thousands of free applications available as source code and compiled
executables for X-Window compatible systems, including PC-based X-terminal
X-Windowing systems are interesting in that they reverse the usual
- A popular
archive format often used with MS-DOS systems,
there is an
program available for Unix.
- A popular
archive format available for most systems, including a
Other items of Interest
If you found this interesting, please
send me comments.
If I missed some important entry, please use this form to submit it. Proper
credit will be given for original and unique entries. By submitting an
entry you give up any copyright or other claim to it.
Copyright 1994 by Kevin Kadow
All rights reserved. You are encouraged to make
links to this file
and the items within.